We congratulate Renāte who on 20th of June successfully defended her doctoral thesis and obtained the PhD degree in Economics.
The defence of the Doctoral thesis took place at the open meeting of the Promotion Council of Sub-Disciple of Agrarian and Regional Economics, Latvia University of Agriculture.
The research topic was ”Analysis of Innovation Capacity in Latvia in the Context of European Region“. In the thesis there were analyzed the innovation micro and macro level indicators as well as the importance of the human resources in the innovation process.
The doctoral thesis is available for reviewing at the Fundamental Library of Latvia University of Agriculture, Lielā street 2, Jelgava, Latvia, and on the website: http://llufb.llu.lv.
The main conclusions of the research are the following:
1. Investigation of the innovation process has started more than 100 years ago, for the analysis of this phenomena there is an increasing number of scientific disciplines that involved in innovation research, the highest proportion of relevant researches are economics, management sciences, and sociology.
2. Innovation policy is an important tool for the planning of national development that is oriented towards competitiveness and long-term growth.
3. In the development of innovation policy, several ministries are involved, where the Ministry of Economics and the Ministry of Education and Science take the leading role. Yet, the country lacks a single institution of policy planning.
4. The findings of foreign and national experts give evidence that, firstly, human resources are integral part of innovation process; secondly, education system is substantial for both the stimulation of innovation process and for motivation of starting a business. Thirdly, creativity, alternative thinking, and other personal qualities should be stimulated with the help of a separate, especially for this purpose dedicated study subject and study course.
5. The approbation of the theoretical model of factors influencing innovative intentions of human resources revealed that the present, theoretical model can be regarded as approbated and applicable for performing research in other countries as well as confirmed the credibility of the performed analysis.
6. The proportion of innovative entrepreneurship in Latvia has increased from 19.3% (1998-2001) up to 29.9% (2008-2010), yet it is more than 1.5 times less than the average indicator of the European Union. The factors hindering innovative entrepreneurship are low level of R&D investments, insufficient collaboration between the science and industry, and unavailability of funding.
7. Turnover generated from innovative activity in the European Union is on average of 13%, while, in Latvia – on average of 5%. After summarizing of the statistical database of Latvia and European region, the author concludes that the dynamics of innovative enterprise proportion in Latvia is improving, nevertheless compared with the European average indicators, it is necessary to improve stimulation and motivation of innovative entrepreneurship.
8. By the help of the dynamic model, the author forecasts that each enterprise, which generates one successful product annually and which gains revenue 32 459 Ls (46 185 Eur) from innovative activity during the first year, is able in a 5-year period to increase its revenue from innovative activity for 30%.
9. Evaluation of factors influencing innovation reveal that in the education system it is necessary to stimulate the studies of exact knowledge starting with the bachelor’s level studies up to doctoral studies, since approximately 34-55% of Latvian students (2008 – 2011) have studies and graduated from the social sciences.
10. In the Global Competitiveness Report for 2008/2009, Latvia and Bulgaria have very close evaluation of national innovation capacity; however, Latvia has substantially improved its positions during the last surveys.